Discussion meeting on impact of GMO Crops: Bt Brinjal and Golden rice was held on 2 November, 2015 at the National Press Club, Dhaka. GMO Birodi Morcha and Bangladesh Paribesh Andolon (BAPA) jointly organized the discussion meeting. The environmental activist, development workers and journalist participated in the discussion meeting. Professor Moazzem Hossain, Vice President, BAPA chaired the discussion meeting. Farida Akhter, Member, GMO Biridi Morcha, presented the key note speech. The panel speakers were Delowar Jahan, Staff reporter, The daily Shokaler Khabor; Dr. M. A. Sohban, agricultural scientist and Sakiul Millat Morshed, Executive Director, Shishuk. The other speakers included Samiron Biswas, CCDB, Bangladesh; Ibnul Syed Rana, member, Shaystha Andolon; Harun-or- Rashid, researcher, UBINIG and Abdul Zabbar, researcher, UBINIG . Jahangir Alam Jony, member, GMO Biridi Morcha, moderated the discussion meeting.
Millat Morshed said that Bt brinjal was approved for cultivation in 2013. It was cultivated for two years in Bangladesh. Recently, Golden rice has also been approved for field cultivation. Most of the farmers incurred loss from cultivation of Bt brinjal. In 2013 -14, out of 20 farmers 13 farmers claimed compensation for loss of Bt brinjal crops. The situation of Bt brinjal in 2014-15 is also a case of crop failure. Under these circumstances, Golden rice is also being extended. This is a case of great concern that the main staple crop like rice is under threat due to genetic modification. Withdrawal of Bt brinjal and stopping the decision for trial of Golden rice should be considered forth with.
Farida Akhter said, information collected from all the 19 districts revealed that field cultivation of Bt brinjal for the second time in 2014 -15 rabi season was done under direct supervision of the scientist of the Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI) and the officers of the Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) taking care like a patient in an intensive care unit under life support. In fact the farmers only provided the land and rest of the cultural and inter cultural operations were conducted by the officers of the DAE and scientist of BARI. It was observed that the land of the farmers was used for cultivation of Bt brinjal but the farmers could not produce it. Initially, the farmers did not know that they were offered seedlings of Bt brinjal. Signboards of Bt brinal were posted by the DAE when the seedlings were grown up. The farmers had little information of Bt brinjal to share because the records were kept by the DAE and BARI. Bt brinjal was not at all promising in terms of yield when compared with the local varieties of brinjals, the farmers had shared. The appearance and keeping quality of Bt brinjal was not attractive and become pale, dull and wrinkled quickly when it was taken to market for sale. In most of the cases Bt brinjal was sold in whole sale market, mixed with other local varieties and sent in distant markets for selling. This is because the local customers did not like to buy it. Based on these unacceptable yield and quality of Bt brinjal it should be stopped for further cultivation.
Introduction of GM crops in Bangladesh was initiated with Bt brinjal, now there is effort for releasing Golden rice and there are more on the pipe line. In many countries across the globe there are public rejections of GMOs but it is observed with deep concerns that GMOs are introduced in Bangladesh one after another even though there is loss of crops in significant occasions.
Delowar Jahan shared his experience of visiting Bt brinjal farmers’ fields in 2013 -14 and 2014 -15. It was a sad experience of loss of brinjal crops by the farmers in different parts of the country. The farmers not only lost their crops but also lost their image as successful farmers.
Dr. M. A. Sobhan mentioned that there are at least 28 disease pest of brinjal including fruit and shoot borer in Bangladesh including virus, fungi, bacteria, nematode, mite and insects. There are 248 local varieties of brinjal available in Bangladesh. The local varieties have resistance to most of the pathogen and pest of brinjal. Brinjal has been modified by incorporating gene from Bacillus thuringiensis for resistance against fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis). Sweepingly it is claimed that Bt brinjal is free from pest. It does not need any application of pesticides for disease pest control. But in reality it is observed in the field that Bt brinjal is affected by many disease pests. In 2014 -15, it was learnt from the farmers that the BARI and DAE sprayed at least five banned pesticides including Basudin, Bidrin, Darsbun, Diazinon and Furadan in Bt brinjal fields. Many other pesticides were also sprayed in Bt brinjal fields but none from the list of recommended pesticides for brinjal in Bangladesh.
The other speakers mentioned that Bt brinjal was cultivated for last two years and Golden rice has been offered for cultivation this season. Introduction of GMOs are threat to biodiversity, environment and human health. It is a matter of great concern that GMOs are introduced in great numbers in Bangladesh when there are initiatives to ban GMOs in the developed countries. It is strongly urged upon the government that the introduction of GMOs should be stopped in the interest of the people.
Professor Moazzem Hossain in his concluding remarks mentioned that it appeared form the presentations of the different participants, the performance of Bt brinjal in farmers field during 2013 - 14 and 2014 - 15 it was a losing concern of the farmers. There is sound demand for stopping the extension of Bt brinjal.
Declaration of the meeting:
a) The meeting demanded for publication of a white paper on the cultivation of Bt brinjal in farmers field for last two years showing the compliance of the terms of reference and bio safety rule of the approval of Bt brinjal for cultivation.
b) Bt brinjal should not be extended third time among the farmers considering the loss incurred by the farmers.
c) There should be poll for public opinion before introducing GM crops, one after another.
d) Let there be survey for assessing demand before taking Golden rice to field cultivation and in no case Golden rice should be given to the pregnant mothers on health ground.
The meeting urged for stopping the cultivation of Bt brinjal immediately and withdrawing the approval order for field trial of Golden rice.
স্থানীয় জাতের বেগুন রক্ষা করুন
প্রতিবাদ ও দুনিয়ার সেরা বিজ্ঞানীদের সাবধান বাণী উপেক্ষা করে ক্ষতিকর বিটিবেগুন বা বিকৃত বেগুনের জাত বাংলাদেশে প্রবর্তন ও বাজারজাতের অপপ্রয়াস চলছে। বেগুন গাছে মাটীর ব্যাক্টেরিয়ার জিন ঢুকিয়ে পুরা বেগুন গাছকেই বিষাক্ত করা হয়। সেই গাছ ফল আর ডগা ছিদ্রকারী পোকা খেলে মরে যায়, কিন্তু বিষাক্ত বেগুন মানুষ খেলে ক্ষতি হয় না, এই হচ্ছে বৈজ্ঞানিক দাবি।
কী দরকার? কারন সারা দুনিয়ায় বেগুনের বিলিয়ন ডলার ব্যবসা। মার্কিন বহুজাতিক কম্পানি মনসান্টো ও ভারতীয় কোম্পানি মাহিকো তা তাদের একচেটিয়া নিয়ন্ত্রণে নিতে চায়। এর কারিগরি দিকের মালিকানাও তাদের। বাংলাদেশের বেগুনের ওপর এই কারিগরি খাটীয়ে তার ওপর বুদ্ধিবৃত্তিক মালিকানা দাবি করছে তারা। অন্য দিনে বাংলাদেশের স্থানীয় বেগুন ধ্বংস করে শুধু কম্পানির বেগুন আমাদের খাওয়াতে চায়। জীবন ও স্বাস্থ্যের ওপর যার সম্ভাব্য ঝুঁকি মারাত্মক হতে পারে।
বাংলাদেশের প্রাণবৈচিত্রের ওপর বহুজাতিক কম্পানির দখলদারির এই কৌশল প্রতিহত করতে হলে নিজেদের বেগুনের জাত চেনা ও রক্ষা করা জরুরী। এটা আমাদের সকলের সচেতনতা ছাড়া সম্ভব নয়। অতএব নিজেদের বেগুনের জাত সম্পর্কে জানুন, এবং নয়াকৃষি আন্দোলনের কৃষকদের সহায়তা করুন। এর বিরুদ্ধে লড়তে হলে নিজেদের জাত রক্ষা করার বিকল্প নাই।
প্রাণবৈচিত্রের উৎসভূমি (origin of diversity) হিসাবে বাংলাদেশ বেগুনের বৈচিত্র্যের দিক থেকে দুনিয়ার যে কোন দেশের চেয়ে সেরা। বেগুনের আন্তর্জাতিক বাজার বিশাল, কারণ সব্জির মধ্যে বেগুন সুস্বাদু এবং এর মধ্যে তেল (fat) নাই বললেই চলে। তার মানে বাংলাদেশের অর্থনৈতিক সমৃদ্ধি নিশ্চিত করবার জন্যও আমাদের দেশি জাতের বেগুন রক্ষা করতে হবে।
নয়াকৃষি আন্দোলন যে সব বেগুন নিয়মিত চাষ করে তার কিছু ছবি এখানে দেওয়া হোল।
Protest Against Btbrinjal Continues
SUPPORT PEOPLE"S PROTEST AGAINST BtBRINJAL
Pictures of rallies and protests against Btbrinjal. Farmers, scientists, environmentalists, ecologists, lawyers, teachers and consumers have been protesting agaginst Btbrinjal since
Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) was trying to get approval from the government for cultivation and commercial release based on inadequate, incomplete and unethical research practice. GMO promoters Undermined strict adherece of 'preacuationeruy principle' during field trial necessery to protect environment and all life forms including human beings from potential environmental and health effects of the genetically modified crops.
UBINIG Centre (BIDDAGHORS)
Nayakrishi centers in the districts of Tangail, Pabna, Cox’s Bazar, Kushtia.
Introducing Dai Mas (Traditional Birth Attendants)
Introducing key leaders of the rural health movement in Bangladesh.
Dai Ma (Traditional Birth Attendants) plays a major role in rural health systems particularly in maternal & child health and in the use and conservation of medicinal plants. UBINIG is working with them for a long time to develop a link with their practice with agro-ecological approach to health, medicine and nutrition led by Nayakrishi farming communities who practice biodiversity based ecological agriculture. Dai Mas are now organised into a network engaged in innovative knowledge practices and institutional experiments. This will enable them to contribute more effectively to national health system. They have strong grass root connections and effective social network. They are self-motivated and monitor the health of mother and child on their own as a responsible member of the community. Sense of responsibility come from their being woman and the natural instinct to help other women in child birth and child rearing. A command on indigenous knowledge and profound understanding of reproductive and child health make them unique in their role in the community. UBINIG is working with theme to find innovative and effective ways to link them with national health system.
Translating Dai Mas as 'Traditioal Birth Attendants' misses the profound cultural, social and knowledge based practices of women in rural areas of Bangladesh. First, Dai Ma’s symbolises a social relationship. Her responsibility does not star during childbirth, rather when a woman comes as a bride in her village or locality. She is the main source of reproductive knowledge for women in reproductive age. In most cases, the Dai Ma is connected to the families of her in laws by helping in the birth of her husband. Dais are always married and have children, this is her acceptability as 'Dai' (birth attendant) in the village. She is the living medical and health record of the women in the village and without her a community health care system is almost impossible on which the national health care system has to rely on.
Glimpses from Nayakrishi Villages
Biodiversity-based ecological agriculture is note merely 'ORGANIC', but a unique practice without pesticide, chemicals and ground water extraction to achieve the highest systemic yield from per acre of farm land. Households are small ecological production units constituting a complex design encompassing the whole village. You can purchase the farmer's produce from Shashyshaprabartana.
Samples of UBINIG Posters
Posters express concerns and ideas. They are interesting materilas to read and listen as well participate in the issues one is committed. UBINIG regularly prints and shares posters as a way to build up networks and communications. Web through some examples posted here.
UBINIG PUBLICATIONS (ENGLISH)
UBINIG publications. To order please contact UBINIG (Policy Research for Development Alternative) 88 0178 001 1194 or`
6/8 Sir Syed Road, Mohammedpur, Dhaka -1207.
Phone: 880-2-9140812 . email: email@example.com
আমাদের বাংলা প্রকাশনা
উবিনীগ (উন্নয়ন বিকল্পের নীতি নির্ধারণী গবেষণা) থেকে প্রকাশিত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ বাংলা বইয়ের তালিকা। আরও জানার জন্য উবিনীগ অফিসে যোগাযোগ করুন (মোবাইল: ০১৭৮০০১১১৯৪)। বই সরবরাহ ও যোগাযোগের জন্য:
নারীগ্রন্থ প্রবর্তনা ৬/৮ স্যার সৈয়দ রোড, মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা-১২০৭, বাংলাদেশ।
ফোন: ৮৮০-২-৯১৪০৮১২, মোবাইল: ০১৯৫ ৪৪৭৬০৬৪ । ই-মেইল: firstname.lastname@example.org