Flood Situation in Nayakrishi Area Delduar, Tangail, 2021UBINIG || Saturday 18 September 2021 ||
Eight unions of Delduar upazila low-lying areas are being on the bank of the mighty river Jamuna and Dhaleshwari. There are big beels (wetland). These beel areas come to the brim when there is flood. The farmers prefer deep water/floatting paddy varieties like chamara, laldigha, bhaoiladigha, patjak, sadadigha, etc. for cultivation. All the crops grow better when there is normal flood. There is crop variability after recession flood water. The farmers can make crop planning based on season.
According to farmers, flooding generally takes place in Ashar-Srabon (mid June-mid August). This year (2021) flood came late in middle of Bhadra (early September). There was rise of water in the Jamuna, the Dhaleshwari and the Alongjani rivers. The vast areas of Atia, Silimpur, Pathrail, Lauhati and Delduar sadar unions of Delduar upazila were flooded.
Homestead areas of many farmers were inundated. Approach roads and schools were flooded. Now, the flood water is receding very slowly. Still in some lands there is 5-6 feet water. The farmers are facing untold suffering managing domestic animals- goat, cow, chicken and duck.
Aman paddy varieties including Chamara, Lal-bhawaila, Deshidigha, Bhawailadigha, Patgak, Sadadigha, etc were 3-4 feet tall before the advent of flood water. The rain water was very helpful for growth of aman paddy. Up-until the middle Bhadra (end August) the farmers thought that there would be no flood. Then suddenly the flood water came. The aman paddy varieties were floating above water. Rather these varieties were growing fast with rising water. In some places the aman paddy plants were grown 4-6 feet tall. There is no risk of damage of aman paddy in flood, the farmers mentioned.
Seeds of four varieties of aman paddy from the Ridoypur Biddaghor of UBINIG were given among 20 farmers in Maushakatalia village. Among them, the aman paddy of 17 farmers was in good condition. Bhawaliadigha paddy will not have any problem even if the flood water rises up to 7-8 feet high.
Transplanted aman paddy
There was rain but the river was not full with water. The farmers thought that there might not be flood this year. There was some deep water aman paddy sown broadcast in high lands. These varieties perform better when there is enough water due to normal flood. The farmers had plowed down the standing plants of the deep water aman paddy, cleaned the field and transplanted short stem paddy varieties like BR-11, patishail, gutishorna, kalijira, lalshail, etc. The plants grew fast became dark green, tall up to 1-1.5 feet and were initiating panicle. Then suddenly the flood came and submerged the standing crops in the field. Most of the standing transplanted aman paddy varieties in the field were damaged. These plants were short and were damaged due to submergence.
Damage of Vegetables
Vegetable including water gourd, hyacinth-bean, brinjal grown in the homestead land were damaged by flood. The seed bed of tomato, brinjal, cauliflower was also damaged. Vegetables in field plot including brinjal, okra, riged gourd, sponge gourd and stem amaranth were damaged.
Damage to Community Seed Bed
Seedling of Nayakatra rice variety was given to five farmers including: 1. Abdul Jalil, 2. A. Kuddus, 3. Shamsur Rahman, 4. Abdur Rahman and 5. Md. Islam Mia. These farmers were given seed for crop planting in the face of natural calamities (river erosion, flood, drought, water logging). The flood water came 20-22 days after transplanting the seedlings in the field. The plants were submerged 4-5 feet flood water. There is no hope of saving these plants. There was deep water amon paddy in these fields. The farmers’ thought that there might not be flood.
Flood water is good for deep water aman paddy varieties. So the farmers plowed down the deep water aman paddy plants and transplanted the seedlings received from the community seed program. The paddy varieties were damaged due to untimely flood.
Farmers’ perception about recession of flood water
The local farmers said that the flood came suddenly and there is little hope of getting out easily. Generally, there is flood during Ashar-Srabon (mid June-mid August), but this year it came late in Bhadra (early September). Moreover, the canals and drains have been silted. Different sluice gates are also locked. The roads interconnecting different villages also block the out flow of water. There is need of drainage for saving crops, mentioned Mir Alam, a farmer.
Impact of untimely flood
The farmers face problems in crop planning due to the unpredictable, untimely flood. The farmers have to take quick decision matching the type of natural calamity. Long time standing flood will create problem planning winter vegetable production. However, the farmers are expecting good time for sowing seeds of mustard, wheat, grass-pea and barley. The farmers are expecting good environment for winter vegetables in the homestead area and such other high lands around.
Report by Rabiul Islam Chunnu
Ridoypur Biddaghor, Tangail